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Where Have All the ‘Normal’ Men Gone? The Construction of Hegemonic Masculinity in the Discourse of the Right-Wing Female Social Movement Angry Mothers v. Eva Svatonova PhD Fellow, The School of Culture and Society, Aarhus University,

Radical right populist social movements and parties that are currently gaining an increased support among European citizens build their political views on authoritative/ethno-nationalist ideas that favor social hierarchies, such as those that privilege native-born citizens over migrants, whites over nonwhites, and gender hierarchies that favor men over women (Blee, 2017). Despite the fact that these organizations are often male-dominated, gender-sensitive research paradoxically pays attention mainly to the women’s attraction to the movements and the construction of female gender within the movements’ discourses (Blee, 2003; Félix, 2015; Pilkington, 2017). Even though studies on rightist populism and masculinity discourses have received some academic attention (Geden, 2005; Norocel, 2010, 2015); masculinity in the distinctively female right-wing organizations is a little-researched area. This paper focuses on the construction of masculinity discourses of Angry Mothers, a Czech female social movement. The visual frame analysis of material published on the movement’s website and Facebook page shows that the movement, despite members’ self-identification as protectors of women’s rights and gender equality, promotes certain type of masculinities as the most honorable gender identity that deserves to be in power. Based on the findings, I argue, similarly to Farris (2017), that the rhetoric of women’s rights in the movement’s discourse functions only as a means for mobilization and addressing wider audience of women, whereas the discursive creation of hegemonic masculinity serves as a generator of exclusion and subordination of subjects that do not coincide in terms of gender, sexuality, race and other categories of difference (Carver, 2008).